Skip to main content
Menu
Book Exam
Text Us
Directions

Vizen logo 4 big

Home » Vision Therapy » Traumatic and Acquired Brain Injury TBI

Traumatic and Acquired Brain Injury TBI

What is Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) or Concussion?

woman suffering from CVSAcquired Brain Injury (ABI)/concussion is an all-encompassing/umbrella term for damage to the brain that occurs after birth. Typically this damage is sudden, non-progressive, non-degenerative, and leads to abnormalities in neurological processing. These neurological changes can adversely affect the way a person functions in their activities of daily living, i.e., thought process, emotional behavior, speech ability, and physical changes such as impaired motor function, problems with a person’s visual system including, but not limited to:

  • Eye tracking problems
  • Eye teaming problems
  • Eye focusing problems
  • Visual field problems
  • Visual information processing problems

An ABI can be from an external traumatic injury (where the brain encountered physical trauma from such incidents as a motor vehicle or bicycle accident, a fall, an assault, contact sports, or neuro-surgery, etc.) or it can be from an internal cause (a stroke, an aneurysm, a brain tumor, a viral infection or inflammation such as meningitis, a vestibular dysfunction such as Ménière’s disease, or any post-surgical complications leading to an anoxic or hypoxic event in the brain).

FURTHER READING

For more information on brain injury please visit  https://www.sportsvision.pro/athletes/sports-vision-testing/

How can this affect my vision?

The majority of the hardwiring of the brain involves the visual pathway, so it is common to experience a visual problem after a brain injury. The most common visual symptoms/visual problems associated with acquired brain injury (ABI) are:

  • Blurred vision at distance viewing
  • Blurred vision at near viewing
  • Slow shift of focus from near-to-far or far-to-near
  • Difficulty copying or taking notes
  • Double vision
  • Pulling or tugging sensation around eyes
  • Unable to sustain near work or reading for periods of time
  • Loss of place while reading
  • Eyes get tired while reading
  • Headaches while reading
  • Covering/closing one eye
  • Easily distracted when reading
  • Decreased attention span
  • Reduced concentration ability
  • Difficulty remembering what has been read
  • Loss of balance
  • Face/head turn or head tilt
  • Bothered by movement in environment and/or by crowded environments
  • Light sensitivity
  • A sensation of the floor, ceiling, or walls tilting
  • Dizziness
  • A sensation of the room spinning
  • A sensation of not feeling grounded
  • Postural shifts/veering off when walking

What treatments are available?

Lens—a specifically prescribed optical device that focuses light onto the retina to obtain a clear image; at times, lenses are used at near to help the eye focus more easily and efficiently with increased comfort.

Prism—a specialized optical device that deviates/’bends’ light; prisms are frequently prescribed as a component of the treatment for binocular vision problems and to eliminate double vision, as well as to provide comfort for near visual tasks such as reading.

Tint/coating—an optical component that alters the amount of light to the eyes; at times, it may also alter the color of the object; they are used to help those with light sensitivity/glare problems.

Selective occlusion—the use of specially graded filters to help patients who are experiencing double vision or visual confusion.

For more information on brain injury please visit https://www.sportsvision.pro/athletes/sports-vision-testing/

What reading looks like for a person with visual problems from an ABI

REQUEST APPOINTMENT